IUCRP Grant P99-02

Project Title:
Industry-University Collaborative Research, Firm Success, and Productivity Growth: UC's Role in California's Economic Success

Grant From:
University of California's Industry-University Cooperative Research Program, grant # P99-02

Principal Investigators:
Lynne G. Zucker and Michael R. Darby

Project Period:
June 30, 2000 - June 29, 2002

Submitting Unit:
UCLA, School of Public Policy and Social Research: Center for International Science, Technology & Cultural Policy


This project further develops the Zucker-Darby methodology by identifying industry-university collaborative research (IUCR) as a key mechanism within the "black box" determining technological change and hence productivity growth. One of our central research questions is which industries have the biggest payoff in productivity growth from industry-university collaborative research. We will conduct analyses on two levels: (a) On the national level, we will estimate national productivity growth by industry with IUCR as an expected key explanatory variable, along with R&D expenditures, labor, and capital. (b) On the state and regional level, we will estimate productivity growth using those same variables for publicly traded firms and also, for all firms, examine other success outcomes including patenting and number of financing rounds (venture capital or new issues on financial markets). We will use as a measure of IUCR university and firm co-authors on the same scientific article, as in our prior work but adding journal quality. We also propose to develop novel measures of IUCR including federal and California funding programs for collaborative research (e.g., SBIR and UC President's Initiative for Industry-University Cooperative Research), firm-university co-assignees on patents, and other kinds of alliances and joint ventures. Where possible, we will explore all of these linkages for federal labs, since the labs' importance in California makes them a significant potential source of technology transfer. Finally, we will explore the impact of IUCR on university department quality, productivity, and structural changes including creating new interdisciplinary departments and research institutes or centers.